What Are The Most Common Eye Diseases?

This is a simple guide for a few of the most common eye problems identified and treated by professionals in Optometry. Calgary experts suggest for us to familiarize ourselves with these conditions just in cases we see signs of us or those that we know being afflicted by any one of these.

“Eye diseases” is an umbrella term that describes a number of conditions concerning the eye function. Below, we will explain a few of the most common eye ailments and the treatments administered by professionals in Optometry. Calgary patients are advised to talk to an optometrist for more in-depth information.

Pink Eye Or Conjunctivitis

Conjunctivitis, also referred to as the pink eye, is an inflammation or infection of the conjunctiva – the narrow, membrane that protects and covers the top layer of the eyeball as well as the eyelids’ inner layer. Brought on by allergens, viruses, bacteria, as well as other irritants such as dust and smoke, pink eye is transmittable and is generally coupled with redness in the eye’s white area and amplified discharge and/or tearing. Even though numerous mild cases improve in just 14 days, a few may become severe corneal swelling and endanger a patient’s vision. In case you think it is conjunctivitis, seek for an examination and treatment from a professional of Optometry. Calgary is home to many of these experts so finding one in your local area will not be a problem.

The most typical symptoms of pink eye include:

  • Redness on the inner eyelid white part in at least one of the eyes
  • Noticeable increase in tearing
  • A heavy, yellowish, greenish, or whitish discharge in at least one or both eyes
  • Burning or itchiness in the eyes
  • A dusty sensation in at least one or sometimes both of the eyes
  • Blurred vision sometimes because of the discharge
  • When you suffer allergic conjunctivitis, you might also notice a nasal discharge and/or sneezing

Diabetic Eye Disease

“Diabetic eye disease” is a standard term for a number of eye issues that can be caused by suffering from type 1 or type 2 diabetes, like diabetic retinopathy, cataracts as well as glaucoma.

Usually, there aren’t any indicators during the early phases of diabetic eye disease, so, it is crucial for you not to wait until the signs begin to show up well before getting a detailed eye exam. Early diagnosis and management of diabetic eye disease will significantly lower your likelihood of having irreversible vision loss.


Known as “the silent thief of sight,” glaucoma is a rise in the eyes’ intraocular pressure, that causes problems to the optic nerve without any warning sign during the early phases of the condition. If not treated, glaucoma can result in a reduction in peripheral vision and consequently loss of sight.

Even though there is no remedy for glaucoma, there are medicines and surgery available that can assist in halting more vision loss. Quick diagnosis and routine eye exams are important to slowing the development of the disease, which can be addressed by an expert in optometry. Calgary patients just need to make sure that they find the best one in the area.

Macular Degeneration

Macular degeneration is a persistent, developing condition that steadily damages well-defined central vision as a result of degeneration of the macula, a little area in the central part of your retina made up of countless light-sensing cells. Since it is so frequently related to getting older, it’s also referred to as age-related macular degeneration (AMD). There are 2 types of AMD called “dry,” most typical and with no recognized cure, and “wet,” less frequent and addressed with laser methods. Genetic testing is currently offered to aid in the identification like those that are almost certain to form “wet” macular degeneration.

In many instances, treating the deterioration brought on by AMD is unattainable, however, supplements, defense against sunlight, taking in a balanced diet as well as stopping smoking can lessen the likelihood and development of macular degeneration. For further recommendations, be sure to talk to experts of Optometry. Calgary patients need to familiarize themselves with these so they could perform the needed intervention to prevent the eye problem from progressing.